Energy Efficiency and fostering Cleaner Sources of Energy
Improving energy efficiency and Cleaner Energy are basic elements of the RECP Programme. The increasing impact on Global Warming of emissions caused by unsustainable production and use of energy in industry and the coming into force of the Kyoto Protocol call for enhancing RECP activities in this field. Linking-up with the Ministry of Industrialization (MoI) and other agencies will facilitate the training of national CP staff in carrying out specific CP and energy audits. In addition, the Centre staff is good allies in the identification and implementation of technical cooperation projects to be submitted for funding during the execution of in-plant RECP audits.
The Centre focuses on the application of requirements for pollution prevention from industrial activities, which encompasses the concept of Best Available Techniques encompassing the 5 R philosophy (reduce, re-use, recycle, reformulate, remanufacture), therefore reducing to acceptable level the emissions to the environment. The Centre is also focusing on processing (waste treatment) or disposal of waste materials, in an effort to reduce their effect on human health and environment.
This aspect supports projects related to climate change. The Centre has a Climate Change project, “Women and Climate Change Project” of Soroptimist International Kenya-Denmark. The application of the proposed sectoral and holistic CP approach provides a sound basis for the identification of potential Climate Change adaptation and mitigation projects. It is, thus, important to provide the staff of the Centre and governmental/non-governmental partners with high-level training, especially in the identification and implementation of CDM. This training is on-going.
The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) recognizes Cleaner Production as the priority tool for environmental management. In its regulations on Waste Management and Water Quality, cleaner production is emphasized as the first line of action in managing emission of pollutants into the environment. Both the framework law and the subsidiary legislation require old enterprises and those that have undergone an environmental impact assessment (EIA) to undertake annual environmental audits (EA). The legislation requires all new development projects listed in the Second Schedule of the Act to be subjected to EIA. The Centre is a Registered Firm of Experts that undertakes EIA/EA projects as well as a Trainer for consultants that want to be registered by NEMA as Lead or Associate Experts.
Eco-labeling is slowly gaining momentum in Kenya thanks to the project, “Enabling Developing Countries to Seize Eco-label Opportunities” coordinated by UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) which is based in Paris, France. It aims at strengthening the capacity of the Footwear Sector in meeting environmental requirements in the supply chain so as to access EU markets through the development of an Eco-label. At the end of the Project life, at least one Kenyan company should secure a European Eco-label and the capacity created should be able to support other value-adding Eco-label initiatives.
Further, the project aims at promoting an Integrated Product Policy (Life Cycle Approach) as well as contributing towards the 10-year framework of programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production as follow-up to WSSD, Kenya’s vision 2030 and the Private Sector Development Strategy.
The East African countries are integrating into one large block. There are common pollution problems afflicting shared, natural ecosystems. This concern can advantageously be addressed with RECP. The Centre continues to act as facilitator of regional, national and international Cleaner Production networks. These involves programs such as the SIDA Regional Cleaner Production program for L. Victoria being implemented under World Bank Lake Victoria Environmental Management Program (LVEMP II).